Agriculture

Agriculture Fruit

Be grapeful

General description The grape is one of the critical temperate fruits that is also an important and economic project for the farmers among the horticultural crops grown worldwide. It is one of the oldest plants known to man and grows virtually in every country. Different varieties of the Vitis, known as the European grape or the grape of the old world, are the most widely grown grapefruit in Iraq. Over one hundred cultivars of grapes […]

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Agriculture Crop Breeding Staple foods

Rice to meet you!

General description Rice, scientifically known as Oryza sativa, is one of about twenty aquatic or swamp-dwelling, annual or perennial grasses in the genus, occurring wild in warmer parts of Africa, Asia, and Australia. Rice falls under the family of grass, which is Poaceae, which consists of about three hundred and fifty species of different genera that includes seven species of Oryza, which have been reported as weeds of rice. The genus Oryza includes more than […]

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Agriculture Staple foods

The plant with ‘tuber-culosis’ – Potato

General descriptions Potato is the fourth most important food crop in the world after rice (Oryza sp.), wheat (Triticum sp.), and maize (Zea mays). It is the only major food crop that is a tuber that accounts for one hundred and thirty kilocalorie of energy per day. It is found that the kilocalorie of the potato in a developed country is about three times that of the potato in developing countries where it is still […]

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Agriculture Crop Breeding

Give peas a chance, Soybean

General description Soybean is one of the most popular foods around the world due to its nutritious and medicinal values. There are over 2500 varieties of soybeans that come in many sizes, shapes, and colors. Glycine is a genus of eighteen slender, twining, or trailing perennial legumes that is under an annual legume of the pea family, Fabaceae. Most Glycine are native to Australia but extend to eastern Asia and the Pacific islands. The only cultivated species, […]

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Agriculture Ethnobotany Phytochemicals

A brew-tiful day!

A good morning always starts with a beautiful brew that fills up the atmosphere of the room with a coffee aroma.  Coffee is the seeds of a small tree originating from tropical Africa and native to few places in Asia. At the same time, wild coffee is found in the remote forests of Africa and on the island of Madagascar. Wild coffees are also found in other tropical countries like India, Sri Lanka, and Australia. […]

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Agriculture Crop Breeding Staple foods

Not that corny, but a group of diversified individualists – Corn

General Description Corn is an essential crop and one of the most consumed staple foods consisting of about 20% of human’s calorie intake globally. Scientifically named as Zea mays. Indigenous populations in Mexico first domesticated corn around 10,000 years ago, it has evolved through thousands years of intensive breeding and shown powerful usage for food, feed, fiber, and fuel. Known as the mother grain of Americans and the driver of the US economy, the United […]

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Agriculture Horticulture Propagation

Plant propagation – vegetative propagation

Vegetative propagations or asexual reproduction are frequently used in horticulture or agriculture to propagate economically valuable plants and cash crops, especially the perennial species that produce sterile or no seeds. Asexual reproduction does not involve the union of gametes, production of seeds or spores, and changes in the number of chromosomes, which often used single cells (algae), tissues, organs, or specialized organs that undergo structural modifications. Regeneration through somatic cells, tissues, or organs is also […]

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Agriculture Fruit

The food of God and gift of the Valentine, cocoa

Theobroma this genus consists of about twenty species of evergreen trees that can be found from tropical America. The trees can grow naturally as understory plants in the forests. Theos means God, while broma means food. It refers to the seeds of Theobroma cocoa as the food of God, which is the chocolate. Theobroma cacao, commonly known as cocoa or cacao is native to the tropical forests of Central America. This tree can grow up […]

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