Plant propagation – vegetative propagation

Vegetative propagations or asexual reproduction are frequently used in horticulture or agriculture to propagate economically valuable plants and cash crops, especially the perennial species that produce sterile or no seeds. Asexual reproduction does not involve the union of gametes, production of seeds or spores, and changes in the number of chromosomes, which often used single cells (algae), tissues, organs, or specialized organs that undergo structural modifications. Regeneration through somatic cells, tissues, or organs is also … Read More

The food of God and gift of the Valentine, cocoa

Theobroma this genus consists of about twenty species of evergreen trees that can be found from tropical America. The trees can grow naturally as understory plants in the forests. Theos means God, while broma means food. It refers to the seeds of Theobroma cocoa as the food of God, which is the chocolate. Theobroma cacao, commonly known as cocoa or cacao is native to the tropical forests of Central America. This tree can grow up … Read More

The house of the Spongebob – pineapple

Pineapple is neither pine nor apple but is a monocot plant that is also a herbaceous perennial. Scientifically referred to as Ananas comosus, pineapple is a native species of southern Brazil and Paraguay area, where the wild relatives are found, the pineapple was firstly domesticated by the Indians and carried up through South and Central America to Mexico and the West Indies long before the arrival of Europeans. The pineapple was praised by early European … Read More

Agriculture- Indoor farming

Conventional farming is known as open farming, whereby the crops exposed to the air and experience all kinds of environmental factors. However, some herbaceous crops like vegetables are more susceptible to the change in the environmental factors specifically temperature and pests, for instance, locust attacks in Africa that lead to starvation due to the destruction of the crops. Moreover, the growing period of the vegetables to harvest period is relatively short as compared to the … Read More

Soilless agriculture, what is your “-nic”?

To start small-scale indoor farming, what are your needs? What type of the “-ponic” you need? When it comes to the topic, farming, most people will still have the concept that it is related to soil. However, most of the growers or urban farming will use soilless cultivation for crops such as certain fruits, vegetables, and herbs. It is because studying the soil or ratio of the substrates to be used to cultivate the crops … Read More

Agriculture – The light

What color is a plant? Green? Red? Our eyes received the image of an object through the reflection of light. If the object we see is white color, it indicates that the whole spectrum of light is reflected by the object and received by the receptor of our eyes. Before that, we need to know what is found in light, sunlight to be specific. A light can be diffused through a prism and projected seven … Read More

Before they are served to our table, crop improvement

Naturally, we judge the foods based on their appearances such as color, shape, smell, and arrangement. Domestic crops have traits that are significantly different from their wild relatives. Undoubtedly tomato is red, banana is yellow, the carrot is orange. But how they end up being what they are on our plates? Can you imagine eating a banana with large seeds, a carrot in purple color, or tomato in black color? What happened to those fruits … Read More