Herb Vegetable

The Alliums

General description Allium is a large genus consisting of more than seven hundred species of bulbous perennials and biennials, consisting of around seven hundred and fifty species that occur in temperate regions of the Northern hemisphere and range in height from four inches to five feet. Allium is found in the family of Amaryllidaceae or Liliaceae. Some species are edible, including onions, garlic, and chives. The maximum diversity of Allium species is found in a […]

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Agriculture Fruit

Be grapeful

General description The grape is one of the critical temperate fruits that is also an important and economic project for the farmers among the horticultural crops grown worldwide. It is one of the oldest plants known to man and grows virtually in every country. Different varieties of the Vitis, known as the European grape or the grape of the old world, are the most widely grown grapefruit in Iraq. Over one hundred cultivars of grapes […]

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Agriculture Crop Breeding Staple foods

Rice to meet you!

General description Rice, scientifically known as Oryza sativa, is one of about twenty aquatic or swamp-dwelling, annual or perennial grasses in the genus, occurring wild in warmer parts of Africa, Asia, and Australia. Rice falls under the family of grass, which is Poaceae, which consists of about three hundred and fifty species of different genera that includes seven species of Oryza, which have been reported as weeds of rice. The genus Oryza includes more than […]

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Agriculture Staple foods

The plant with ‘tuber-culosis’ – Potato

General descriptions Potato is the fourth most important food crop in the world after rice (Oryza sp.), wheat (Triticum sp.), and maize (Zea mays). It is the only major food crop that is a tuber that accounts for one hundred and thirty kilocalorie of energy per day. It is found that the kilocalorie of the potato in a developed country is about three times that of the potato in developing countries where it is still […]

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Herb

The spice on the steak- Rosemary

Rosemary is a widely grown garden plant that is known as a culinary herb, in which this species also can be planted as an ornamental plant. Rosemary is scientifically known as Rosmarinus officinalis that is under the family of Lamiaceae. It is an upright with a strong woody shrub. This woody shrub is densely clothed with narrow and deep green leaves that ranged about one inch. Some botanists recognize up to twelve species in this […]

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Botany Houseplants

The shy ones from bean family- Mimosa

A large and diverse genus consisting of about four hundred and eighty species is found from Mimosa that is allied to Acasia. Mimosa is a genus of an annual and evergreen perennial plant, categorized as a shrub and small tree under the family of Fabaceae. Unlike animals, plants are sessile, which are often regarded as immotile organisms. Plants do have slow movements that show apparent movement when the growth or movement are recorded using timelapse. […]

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Botany Ethnobotany

St Patrick’s Day!

Saint Patrick’s Day was made an official Christian feast day in the early seventeenth century and is observed by the Catholic Church. It is a public holiday in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, and the British Overseas Territory of Montserrat. According to St. Patrick’s Day lore, Patrick used the three leaves of a shamrock to explain the holy trinity: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. […]

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Agriculture Crop Breeding

Give peas a chance, Soybean

General description Soybean is one of the most popular foods around the world due to its nutritious and medicinal values. There are over 2500 varieties of soybeans that come in many sizes, shapes, and colors. Glycine is a genus of eighteen slender, twining, or trailing perennial legumes that is under an annual legume of the pea family, Fabaceae. Most Glycine are native to Australia but extend to eastern Asia and the Pacific islands. The only cultivated species, […]

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